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Special Issue on Gender, Mobiles and Mobile Internet

I’m excited to be co-editing a special issue on Gender, Mobile and Mobile Internet: Opportunities and Challenges in Mobile-Centric Use with Silvia Masiero and Jo Tacchi for the open-access journal Information Technology and International Development (USC Annenberg Press). Details below (pdf version here). Please consider submitting and sharing the call! Deadline for abstracts  30 October 2016 (email s.bailur at lse.ac.uk).

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Mobile access, as well as mobile Internet access, is increasing exponentially around the world (World Bank 2012). A number of studies already show engaged use of both by and for women, from using mobiles to supporting oneself financially (Tacchi & Chandola 2016) to mutual support in healthcare (Chib & Chen 2011), finance (Wallis 2011), civic technology (Rumbul 2016) and education (Balasubramanian et al. 2010). Reflecting on the implications of mobile access, a point of discussion emerges: do the particular affordances of mobile, increasingly dissociated from place and context (Donner 2015), have the potential to affect women (for many of whom mobiles are the first and foremost ICT device to be used) disproportionately to men?

Anne
Anne (21, living in Limuru, Kenya, one of the participants in our Digital Lives research). See our Caribou Digital work for more.

Other questions arise in conceptualizing gendered affordances of mobile. In particular, limited gender-disaggregated data are available on mobile and mobile Internet access, which limits our capability to draw inferences. Poor access may be the result of a number of issues: cost; male control of finances as well as use; literacy and digital literacy; and fear of use. For example, Potnis (2015) finds women in rural Maharashtra, India, are afraid of being harassed or of “breaking” the phone by mistake. Schoemaker (2015) elaborates on cultural constraints affecting the use of mobile Internet in Pakistan (“digital purdah”). Further research brings forth restricted agency – female street traders in Kampala switch off phones in the presence of men to preserve the status quo (Masika & Bailur 2015), and Vietnamese brides in Singapore use mobile Internet within confines only (Thi Hoan et al. 2016).

 

This Special Issue seeks to focus on three specific areas with a gender lens:

  • Theories and frameworks of gender empowerment through mobile phones, e.g. Sen’s capability (see Thi Hoan et al., 2016), Alcoff’s theory of positionality (Wallis 2011) and so on. What examples of empowerment do we see and how can we theorize these, whether selling through WhatsApp (Venkatraman 2015) or self-educating through mobile YouTube (Caribou Digital 2015)?
  • Conceptualizing “grey areas” of empowerment, e.g. poor regulation when conducting micro-work (Harris 2014), negotiating sex work (Tacchi & Chandola 2016) or using images or videos for it (Veena 2007) as well as harassment (WWWF 2015).
  • Nuances and intersectionality – e.g., who are the intermediaries (male and female) who enable or constrain women’s access? What role does intersectionality (class, caste, race, age, location etc) play? Can we draw upon granulated data to extend and unpick binary male/female discussions? What tactics of agency do we see? Sharing devices may be one, but is problematic (see Burrell 2010).

Author submission instructions

Prepare your manuscripts according to the following guidelines after your abstract is approved by the guest editors:

  1. Abstracts are a maximum 175 words.
  2. Both abstract and keywords must be included in the manuscript.
  3. Papers must be single-column, 12 pt. Times Roman font, 1.5 spacing
  4. Papers should be a maximum 8,900 words (all-inclusive).
  5. Papers are anonymized including in “Properties.”
  6. Papers are formatted according to APA 6th edition guidelines.
  7. When your paper is ready, submit it directly to the ITID platform at itidjournal.org

Papers that do not comply with guidelines will be immediately returned to the author(s).

Important Dates

30 October, 2016                              Deadline for abstract to Savita Bailur at s.bailur at lse.ac.uk

30 January, 2017                               Deadline for manuscript to be submitted to the ITID platform at itidjournal.org

References

Balasubramanian, K., Thamizoli, P., Umar, A., & Kanwar, A. (2010). Using mobile phones to promote lifelong learning among rural women in Southern India. Distance Education, 31(2), 193-209.

Burrell, J. (2010). Evaluating shared access: Social equality and the circulation of mobile phones in rural Uganda. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication,15(2), 230-250.

Caribou Digital (2015). Digital lives in Ghana, Kenya & Uganda. Report for the MasterCard Foundation, November 2015. http://cariboudigital.net/new/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Caribou-Digital-Digital-Lives-in-Ghana-Kenya-and-Uganda.pdf

Chib, A., & Chen, V. H. H. (2011). Midwives with mobiles: A dialectical perspective on gender arising from technology introduction in rural Indonesia. New Media & Society, 13(3), 486-501.

Donner, J. (2015). After access: Inclusion, development, and a more mobile Internet. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Harris, M. (2014). Amazon’s Mechanical Turk workers protest: “I am a human being, not an algorithm”. The Guardian, 3 December 2014.

Rumbul, R. (2016). ICT and Citizen Efficacy: The Role of Civic Technology in Facilitating Government Accountability and Citizen Confidence. Proceedings of the IFIP World Information Technology Forum.

Tacchi, J., & Chandola, T. (2015). Complicating connectivity: Women’s negotiations with smartphones in an Indian slum. Routledge Handbook of New Media in Asia, 179-188.

Thi Hoan, N., Chib, A., and Mahalingham, R. (2016). Mobile phones and Gender Empowerment: Enactment of ‘Restricted Agency’. Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, Ann Arbor (Michigan), 3-6 June 2016.

Veena, N. (2007). Revisiting the prostitution debate in the technology age: women who use the Internet for sex work in Bangkok. Gender Technology and Development, 11(1), 97-107.

Venkatraman, S. (2015). Women Entrepreneurs and WhatsApp. UCL WhywePost study. http://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/global-social-media/2015/04/17/women-entrepreneurs-whatsapp/.

Wallis, C. (2011). New media practices in China: Youth patterns, processes, and politics. International Journal of Communication, 31(5): 406-436.

World Bank (2012). Maximizing Mobile.World Bank Report on Information and Communication Technologies, November 2012.

World Wide Web Foundation (2015). Women’s Rights Online: Translating Access into Empowerment. http://webfoundation.org/about/research/womens-rights-online-2015/.

“You can be creative about something, then you post it, then people will like it and then you write there your phone number and you get rich”

What are the internet-enabled or dataphone uses of young men and women ages 18-25 living on under $2 a day?Historically, women have always tended to do more piecemeal work – which fits around home and childcare – than men have, whether in “developed” or “developing countries”*. How do internet-enabled phones (or smartphones) fit in here? What kinds of quick, on the move income generation can these devices enable for women? And what implications does this have? We (Caribou Digital) recently did a big research study on digital lives” in Ghana, Kenya and Uganda for MasterCard Foundation as a client. I wrote another blog on it here. Our main question was – what are the internet-enabled or dataphone uses of young men and women ages 18-25 living on under $2 a day? (I’m trying to avoid the term smartphone again as that implies something top of the range, hi-tech).

Continue reading ““You can be creative about something, then you post it, then people will like it and then you write there your phone number and you get rich””

Summer dissertations … here we go

Dissertation supervisionLooking forward to supervising my first MSc dissertations in the Department of Media and Communications at LSE (previously, I supervised on the MSc Management of Information Systems and Digital Innovation in the Department of Management and even before that at the Global Development Institute in Manchester). If students initially seem intimidated with the prospect of writing 10,000 words, I always tell them it’s an amazing and unique experience, pretty much a carte blanche to write objectively and critically, without having to toe an organizational line (like this blog, I guess, but with more references!). My ten dissertation students this year have varied and fascinating topics, from analyzing Prime Minister Modi’s communications strategy, to the localization of a Chinese reality TV format in Korea, the political economy of media industries and the political identity of Democrats Abroad in London during the US Primary Elections.

Continue reading “Summer dissertations … here we go”